This book maps contemporary film criticism as a cultural institution. At the beginning of the 21st century film criticism was talked about as an institution in crisis. The decline of print journalism, a series of lay-offs of prominent American critics, and the rise of "amateur" reviewing online, spurred a conversation about the decline, even death, of film criticism. The book first examines this recent crisis discourse and then compares it against historical precedents stretching back to the early 20th century. It finds that "crisis" has always been a leitmotif of film criticism's conception. The book then provides what the crisis conversation does not: an account of film criticism's institutional formations. This book maps film criticism by elucidating its various practices, tasks, comportments, and personae, primarily using US, UK, and Australian case studies, but also comparing these to continental European and broader international experiences. While not denying the changes and challenges that contemporary film criticism faces, this book situates these within an historical context and institutional framework that allows us to move beyond the crisis discourse.
Following on from earlier titles in this series, this volume presents further material generated by the World Bank/ISNAR/Australian government biotechnology study. It covers the present status and future prospects for the application of biotechnology to solve agricultural and environmental problems in 12 countries: Kenya, Zimbabwe, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico.
Melbourne writer, critic and teacher A.A. Phillips coined the memorable term 'the cultural cringe' to describe an Australian tendency to identify our literature and art as inferior to work produced overseas, particularly in Britain and the United States. Although his famous essay on the cringe was first published more than fifty years ago, it remains a powerful reference point in discussions of the national culture. It is reprinted here with two of Phillips' other essays on Australian culture, and with additional biographical and critical material, including an essay by Ivor Indyk.
This book introduces a framework for examining bilingual identity and presents the cases of seven individual children from a study of young students' bilingual identities in an Australian primary school. The new Bilingual Identity Negotiation Framework brings together three elements that influence bilingual identity development - sociocultural connection, investment and interaction. The cases comprise individual stories about seven young, bilingual students and are complemented by some more general investigations of bilingual identity from a whole class of students at the school. The framework is explained and supported using the students' stories and offers readers a new concept for examining and thinking about bilingual identity. This book builds upon past and current theories of identity and bilingualism and expands on these to identify three interlinking elements within bilingual identity. The book highlights the need for greater dialogue between different sectors of research and education relating to languages and bilingualism. It adds to the increasing call for collaborative work from the different fields interested in language learning and teaching such as TESOL, bilingualism, and language education. Through the development of the framework and the students' stories in this study, this book shows how multilingual children in one school in Australia developed their identities in association with their home and school languages. This provides readers with a model for examining bilingual identity in their own contexts, or a theoretical construct to consider in their thinking on bilingualism, language and identity.
How safe is you workplace? How safe are you? This is a straight-talking, easy reading, humorous guide for assessing the safety culture of the workplace and of an individual as well. Offers suggestions, things to look for, and questions to consider when assessing the workplace safety culture.
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