This book maps contemporary film criticism as a cultural institution. At the beginning of the 21st century film criticism was talked about as an institution in crisis. The decline of print journalism, a series of lay-offs of prominent American critics, and the rise of "amateur" reviewing online, spurred a conversation about the decline, even death, of film criticism. The book first examines this recent crisis discourse and then compares it against historical precedents stretching back to the early 20th century. It finds that "crisis" has always been a leitmotif of film criticism's conception. The book then provides what the crisis conversation does not: an account of film criticism's institutional formations. This book maps film criticism by elucidating its various practices, tasks, comportments, and personae, primarily using US, UK, and Australian case studies, but also comparing these to continental European and broader international experiences. While not denying the changes and challenges that contemporary film criticism faces, this book situates these within an historical context and institutional framework that allows us to move beyond the crisis discourse.
Following on from earlier titles in this series, this volume presents further material generated by the World Bank/ISNAR/Australian government biotechnology study. It covers the present status and future prospects for the application of biotechnology to solve agricultural and environmental problems in 12 countries: Kenya, Zimbabwe, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico.
Melbourne writer, critic and teacher A.A. Phillips coined the memorable term 'the cultural cringe' to describe an Australian tendency to identify our literature and art as inferior to work produced overseas, particularly in Britain and the United States. Although his famous essay on the cringe was first published more than fifty years ago, it remains a powerful reference point in discussions of the national culture. It is reprinted here with two of Phillips' other essays on Australian culture, and with additional biographical and critical material, including an essay by Ivor Indyk.
While their health has suffered enormously because of the arrival of the Europeans, it is assumed that Aboriginal people enjoyed good health before 1788. Using data collected from all parts of the continent, this 1995 book studies the health of Australia's original inhabitants over 50,000 years. It represents the first continental survey of its kind and is the first to quantify and describe key aspects of Australian hunter-gatherer health. The book takes a theoretical approach to Upper Pleistocene regional epidemiology and presents empirical data of the health of late Pleistocene and Holocene populations. Major categories of disease described are: stress, osteoarthritis, fractures, congenital deformations, neoplasms and non-specific and treponemal infections. The author also describes surgical techniques used by Aboriginal people. Offering fresh insight into the study of Australian prehistory and Aboriginal culture, this book will be accessible to specialists and general readers alike. It illuminates the origins of human disease, and will fill a gap in our knowledge of health in the Australasian region.
Cultures of the States: How Effective Are State Governments? is a study of the effectiveness of states in the United States in dealing with governance problems. It includes a summary ranking of all states and problems profile for each state on 15 governance factors, plus a database of more than 700 tables of statistical information in which every state is ranked on each of the 700 variables, along with a historical interpretation.
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